Wednesday, August 26, 2020
Napolean Bonaparte Essays - French Emperors, House Of Bonaparte Napolean Bonaparte Napolean Bonaparte Napoleon Bonaparte was conceived in 1769 on the little island of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea. He was conceived at a boisterous time. Corsica was attempting to pick up autonomy when French soldiers attacked. He was conceived during a war, and hellfire bite the dust as a result of one. At the point when he turned ten his folks sent him to a military school only outside of Paris. He committed himself to learning and picking up understanding to military strategies, it paid off. At the point when he was 16 he turned into a lieutenant in the cannons. Transformation broke out that year. He joined the military of the French Republic. In October of 1705 an administration official advised Napoleon to protect the royal residence where the National Convention occurred. He, with his little armed force, vanquished the a large number of traditionalist in minutes. He is pronounced a legend. In 1796 the Directory named him to order a French armed force. He walked into Italy and freed it from Austria, albeit some state he vanquished it. The Directory wasnt doing well overall. In 1799 it charged the French individuals of being degenerate. Napoleon took advantage of this lucky break to take it over. On November 9, 1799 he and 500 fighters took more than one office of the National Legislature and drove out the individuals. The subsequent chamber casted a ballot to end the index. France was presently in the possession of three authorities, called emissaries. Napoleon was one. In 1800, he and his kindred diplomats set up the plebiscite in which the residents reserved the option to cast a ballot yes or no on an issue. On December 2, 1804, Napoleon delegated himself sovereign. The plebiscite made this so. The Pope delegated him himself. Individuals thought he was a boon. He extraordinarily changed the economy of France by making a great deal of changes. He set up a bank, let emigres over into France, he let their be opportunity of religion, he liberated slaves, and set up the Napoleonic Code. The individuals outside of France pondered Napoleon. They despised him. So as to broaden Frances power. He took over pieces of Italy and set up a government in Switzerland. The British announced war on France apprehensive that he was going to go over Great Britain. Napoleon needed to assume control over the entirety of Europe, and he nearly did. He won a progression of fights; The Battle of Ulm, The Battle of Austerlitz, The Battle of Jena, and The Battle of Friedland. Napoleon was a military virtuoso, on land that is. The Battle of Trafalgar was his first misfortune since it was on water. The authority of the British armada was the Napoleon of the ocean. In October 1805, he crushed Napoleons 33 boats with his 27. Losing this fight constrained Napoleon to surrender his arrangements to attack Great Britain. In 1812 Napoleon chose to attack Russia. The Czar of Russia cannot Napoleons solicitation to quit offering grain to Britain. Napoleon took his Grand Army of vanquished European nations residents and walked into Russia. This was grave error. His officers were not used to the chilly climate. The temperature got to underneath 35 degrees Fahrenheit. Rather than battling the military, the Czar pulled his men back. Before leaving they consumed their own fields and butchered their domesticated animals. This was known as the burned earth strategy. At the point when Napoleons armed force shown up their they didnt need to battle, however they don't picked up anything since everything was caught fire. So they starved. Napoleon chose to withdraw, however the Autocrat assaulted the military in its most noticeably awful state, when Napoleon made it back to France, he had just 10,000 men kept separate from 400,000. Exploiting Napoleons shortcoming, his adversaries accumulated to devastate him. Napoleon had the option to raise another military and they met at Leipzig in Germany in 1813. Despite the fact that Napoleon was extraordinary at land, he despite everything lost. His foes pushed closer towards Paris until Napoleons general inevitably would not battle. By 1814 Napoleon gave up. His foes banished him to a little island called Elba close Italy. Napoleon wasnt done however. The new ruler of France was pushed from the seat 9 months after Napoleons rout. Napoleon got away from Elba and announced that the French will be freed with his assistance. The greater part of the French invited him back. He made and new armed force and raged Paris. He became head once more. Napoleons adversaries immediately accumulated to take out Napoleon once more. They assembled their soldiers in Waterloo in Belgium. On June 18, 1815, Napoleon moved in. The British armed force held their ground all as the day progressed. That night
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Medication Control Strategy in Netherlands - Essay Example The development of HIV/AIDS and its pervasiveness among infusing drug clients further fixed the universal purpose to arrange the greater part of the medications sketched out above as hard medications and illicit. Thus, there came the definition of national arrangements and systems, global understandings and helpful methodologies between states to handle dealing and battle sedate use across outskirts. Until now, the issue of medications has gotten increasingly intricate with the development of creation and dealing cartels that have worldwide portrayal and advanced carrying strategies that are equipped for sidestepping customs experts in numerous pieces of the world. Endeavors of a few governments have borne natural product in controlling the hazard while others are as yet stunning around the issue with no unmistakable advancement (Thomas 142). Netherlands National Drug Strategy With enactment going back to the mid twentieth centuryÃ¢â¬â¢s sanctioning of the opium actin 1928, trailed by its key revision of 1976, the national medication system of Netherlands came to impact in 1995 to give a structure to managing unlawful medication related issues. The system has four significant destinations, which incorporate counteraction of medication use, restoration and treatment of addicts, hurt decrease among clients, open annoyance destruction and reducing creation and dealing. Every one of these destinations target accomplishing the more extensive objective of advancing general wellbeing in the nation. The procedure is confined to illicit medications with fortification from segment explicit methodologies, for example, annihilation of medication manors, block attempt, and stoppage of dealing through the carriers and transportation organizations just as wellbeing advancement battles. The technique is seen by numerous arrangement examiners as too liberal and giving a great deal of space for medicate use. This is on the grounds that medication use establishes a wrongdoing i n the event that it includes other unlawful practices like taking and theft, illicit exchange, and dealing. The utilization of medications is likewise reasonable outside open spots like emergency clinics, schools, open methods for transport and open parks. The technique likewise absolves conviction for being in control of little amounts of both delicate and hard medications that don't outperform the separate edges, wherein appropriation is the main penalty.Ã¢
Friday, August 21, 2020
NIAAA Funds Studies in Alcohol and Alcoholism Research Addiction Alcohol Use Print NIAAA Funds Research in Alcohol and Alcoholism By Buddy T facebook twitter Buddy T is an anonymous writer and founding member of the Online Al-Anon Outreach Committee with decades of experience writing about alcoholism. Learn about our editorial policy Buddy T Updated on July 27, 2019 NIAAA Funds 90% of All Alcohol Research. © Getty Images More in Addiction Alcohol Use Binge Drinking Withdrawal and Relapse Children of Alcoholics Drunk Driving Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery With the support of NIAAA, scientists at medical centers and universities throughout the country are studying alcoholism. The goal of this research is to develop more effective ways of treating and preventing alcohol problems. Today, NIAAA funds approximately 90 percent of all alcoholism research in the United States. Some of the more exciting investigations include: Genetic research: Scientists are now studying 3,000 individuals from several hundred families with a history of alcoholism in order to pinpoint the location of genes that influence vulnerability to alcoholism. This new knowledge will help identify individuals at high risk for alcoholism and also will pave the way for the development of new treatments for alcohol-related problems. Other research is investigating the ways in which genetic and environmental factors combine to cause alcoholism.Treatment approaches: NIAAA also sponsored a study called Project MATCH, which tested whether treatment outcome could be improved by matching patients to three types of treatment based on particular individual characteristics. This study found that all three types of treatment reduced drinking markedly in the year following treatment.New medications: Studies supported by NIAAA have led to the Food and Drug Administrations approval of the medication naltrexone (ReVia) for the treatment of alcoholism . When used in combination with counseling, this prescription drug lessens the craving for alcohol in many people and helps prevent a return to heavy drinking. Naltrexone is the first medication approved in 45 years to help alcoholics stay sober after they detoxify from alcohol. Preventing Alcohol Problems In addition to these efforts, NIAAA is sponsoring promising research in other vital areas, such as fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohols effects on the brain and other organs, aspects of drinkers environments that may contribute to alcohol abuse and alcoholism, strategies to reduce alcohol-related problems, and new treatment techniques. Together, these investigations will help to prevent alcohol problems; identify alcohol abuse and alcoholism at earlier stages; and make available new, more effective treatment approaches for individuals and families. NIAAA Research Advances Since 1970, the NIAAA has been the lead Federal agency responsible for scientific research on alcohol and its effects. Some of the agencys key contributions include: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions;Research to identify the genes linked to alcoholism;Creation of the Collaborative Studies on Genetics of AlcoholismExploring the effects of alcohol on fetal development;Supporting a medications development program;Research on preventing alcohol problems through community programs;Production of award-winning clinician training materials.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
Discuss the differences between Antigone and Ismene in their views of women in society. How does each sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s view shape the choices she makes in the play? How consistent is each, in her view? The play Antigone, written by Sophocles is the last book of his trilogy called The Oedipus Play of Sophocle. Antigone take places in the city of Thebes, the play open Ã¢â¬Å"some days laterÃ¢â¬ there have been an edict by King Creon regarding the burials of Eteocles and Polyneices; Eteocles, will get a proper burial for defending the senate, Polyneices will not. The King Creon had declared Polyneice is a traitor and forbid anyone in the city to bury him. Here where we are being presented with the main characters of this story Antigone and Ismene; the twoÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In contrary Ismene is docile and someone who follow the laws at all costs. She said, Ã¢â¬Å"we are womenÃ¢â¬ stating a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s position in society and obligated to obey by the law. She doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with her sister Antigone, since is prohibiting for women to have a voice during those times. Ismene believe that women should never violate the laws of man who were guide by the gods. An tigone will carry out the forbidden burial alone, nevertheless she seeks futilely the complicity of her sister Ismene. Ismene without endorsing the established power by King Creon, discreetly folds to it, became a passive collaborator of the system implemented by him. This story is marked by tragedy after tragedy; Antigone and Ismene are presented with a father, that dare to killed his father to married his own mother. Two brother that followed the similar example, and consequently killed each other to for throne to have power. We donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what age they were when her parents died, but by inference we can argue that they were young. Although, Antigone and Ismene experience some life-hard moments together, their view on certain situation are shaped differently throughout the play. Antigone, see the situation with her brother Polynieces as outrageous offense to her and her family values, especially after being an active member of leadership in the city of Thebes. Antigone, experiences had made her a stronger than other women, she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t fear man, and isShow MoreRelatedIsmene And Antigone Essay1331 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto best demonstrate the stark difference between how society calls upon women to act and how a female h ero should act. In Antigone, the two main characters, sisters Antigone and Ismene, are the two women being compared to each other. Ismene, the younger sister, acts as the conformist, never questioning the rules she is to live by and encouraging Antigone to do the same. Ismene illustrates her stance in the conversations she has with her older sibling in the opening act. Begging her sister not to goRead MoreEssay Antigone And Ismene600 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Antigone and Ismene nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The personalities of the two sisters; Antigone and Ismene, are as different from one another as tempered steel is from a ball of cotton. One is hard and resistant; the other: pliable, absorbing and soft. Antigone would have been a strong, successful 90s type woman with her liberated and strong attitude towards her femininity, while Ismene seems to be a more dependent 1950s style woman. Antigone acts as a free spirit, a defiant individual, whileRead MoreConformity And Nonconformity In SophoclesAntigone1014 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdetrimental to the rules that society imposes. In Antigone, the playwright, Sophocles, discusses how the choice to conform or not to conform can have an impact on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions. He utilizes the controversy surrounding the central conflict of the play, the death of Polyneices, to portray his charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ attitudes towards conformity and nonconformity. Creon and Ismene are conformists because they believe in the absolute power of the law; whereas, Antigone is a nonconformist because she rebels againstRead MoreMasculinity And Femininity : Sophocles Play Antigone 1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThis essay will focus on the messages about masculinity and femininity from SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ play Antigone. For class we watched the Greek film version of the play from 1961 which is in Greek but it has English Subtitles. The essay will use both male and female characters from Antigone to show ex amples of masculinity and femininity. There are characters that are either positive or negative, characters that serve as role models, or characters who show what not to be like. First I will write about the positiveRead MoreAntigone, The Daughter Of Oedipus And Clytemnestra839 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn this Greacan tragedy, Antigone, the daughter of Oedipus and Clytemnestra seeks to bury her brother Polyneices much against the wishes and orders of her uncle and the king, Creon. Her parents and her brothers are both dead and she wishes to leave behind her beautiful sister Ismene and join her family in the underworld. Polyneices, her brother died fighting for the throne against his brother Eteocles. Polyneices fought against Eteocles for the throne and died fighting. He was from Thebes and inRead MoreAntigone Role of Women1366 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTaylor Fleming Professor Stoner English 1301 October 16, 2012 Antigone Essay Throughout history, cultures from around the world has set hat standards for women to abide to. Up until the twentieth century, women were viewed as second class citizens by society and had less freedom and rights than their male counterparts as compare today in the modern world where women can be more involve in society. Although women still face discrimination such as the glassRead MoreAnalysis Of The Central Conflicts Of Antigone 908 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Drama Essay The topic I chose to write this essay on is about the examination of the central conflicts that are taking place in the story Ã¢â¬Å"AntigoneÃ¢â¬ . Throughout the story and what seems to be the start of many conflicts to come is, Antigone the main character having hard time fathering the fact that sheÃ¢â¬â¢s not allowed to bury her other brother Polynices. Due to orders given by her uncle Creon. Essentially in the story Antigone struggles with fighting againstRead More Antigone Essay1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAntigone Essay In any story or piece of literature, there will always be the main characters to fill the pages with incessant adventure. The characters whose names appear on almost every page and the characters whose actions the story revolves around. However, a story will also always have its minor characters. These are the characters that contribute heavily to the plot, yet arent mentioned quite as often and are underestimated regarding their importance in the story. In the Greek masterpieceRead MoreAntigone vs Creon827 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Task: Write an essay about the conflict between Antigone and Creon in Antigone, by Sophocles. Show how each is right in his or her own fundamental belief. Then show how the tragedy was inevitable or show how one side was wrong and should have changed. In Antigone, by Sophocles, there is conflict between the characters Antigone and Creon. Antigone is characterized as a rebellious girl, who turns into a martyr, and just lost both her brothers, Eteocles and Polynices, in a war between the city-statesRead MoreEssay about Gender Bias Critic of Antigone1724 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA Gender Bias Approach to Antigone Just as one stone removed can break a bridge, one flaw can bring a man to ruins. The flaw of one man cannot bring down an entire kingdom, but rather one outlook of the king can lead to the demise of the whole. In Sophocles epic tragedy, Antigone, a strong gender bias is present throughout the tragedy, and is partially responsible for the downfall of the king. To Sophocles the king is not always representative of the people, but acts on his own personal desires
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
The American Revolution, when 13 American colonies waged war against the most powerful country in the world, Great Britain, for their independence. Soldiers who fought in the war and risked their lives to gain the freedom we have today, is just one of the many prime examples of prevailing hardships in battle. George Washington proved to be exemplary just like many others heroic patriots, like Henry Knox and Nathaniel Greene, when triumphing over the British soldiers with what little strength they had and defeating them. Their victory was more than enough proof on why they deserved independence. David McCulloughÃ¢â¬â¢s 1776, describes and educates us about events which happened before the war and foreshadows up to the revolution. We learn about the hardships thrown at George Washington and the Continental army whose intentions switched from equal rights to complete emancipation. Battles throughout the Revolutionary War, like the Battle of Bunker Hill, are well known, but McCullough shows the reader how the Continental army continues to strive on even when victory is not in their favor. The story starts off with King George III being shown as more lower class than of royalty. King George eventually has suspicions that the American colonies will try to rise and rebel against him, so in return he begins to gather troops on both land and sea to defend EnglandÃ¢â¬â¢s honor. Their blunt distrust of the colonies was a bad choice on their part which spurred conflict towards war. DiscussionsShow MoreRelatedDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesChapter-by-chapter activities, including built-in pretests and posttests, focus on what you need to learn and to review in order to succeed. Visit www.mymanagementlab.com to learn more. DEVELOPING MANAGEMENT SKILLS EIGHTH EDITION David A. Whetten BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY Kim S. Cameron UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN Prentice Hall Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Modesty The chairman ot theTata Group Ã¢â¬ IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest conglomerate, with businesses ranging from software, cars, andsteel to phone service, tea bags, and wristwatches Ã¢â¬ usually drives himself to the office in his$12,500 Tata Indigo Marina wagon. He prefers to spend weekends in solitude with his two dogsat a beachfront home he designed himself. And disdainful of pretense, he travels alone even onlong business trips, eschewing the retinues of oldes who typically coddle corporate chieftdlns. We will write a custom essay sample on The-Last-Rajah-Ratan-Tata or any similar topic only for you Order Now But the 69-year-old Tata also has a daredevil streak, An avid aviator, he often flies a orporateFalcon 2000 jet around Indla_ And In February he caused a sensation at the Aero India 2007 airshow by co-piloting Lockheed (LMT) F-16 and Boeing (BA) F-18 fighter jets. TataÃ¢â¬â¢s business dealings reflect the bolder side of his personality. In the past four years he hasembarked on an investment binge that is building his group from a once-stodgy regional playerinto a global heavy-vveight. Since 2003, Tata has bought the truck unit of South KoreaÃ¢â¬â¢s DaewooMotors, a stake in one of IndonesiaÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest coal mines, and steel mills In Singapore, Thailand,and Vietnam. It has taken ver d slew of tony hotels Including New YorkÃ¢â¬â¢s Pierre, the Ritz-Carlton In Boston, and San FranciscoÃ¢â¬â¢s Camden Place, The 2004 purchase of Tyco InternationalÃ¢â¬â¢s(TYC) undersea telecom cables for $130 million, a price that In hindsight looks Ilke a steal,turned Tata into the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest carrier ot international phone calls. With its $91 millionbuyoutof British engineering firm Incat International, Tata Technologies now is a major supplierof outsourced industrial design for American auto and aerospace companies, with 3,300engineers in India, the U. S. , and Europe. The rowning deal to date has been Tata SteelÃ¢â¬â¢s $13 billion takeover in April of Dutch Britishsteel giant Corus Group, a target that would have been unthinkable Just d few years ago. In oneswoop, the move greatly expends Teta SteelÃ¢â¬â¢s range of finished products, secures access toautomakers across the u. , and Europe, and boosts Its capacity fivefold, with mills added Inpennsylvanla and OhloNow, a new gambit may catapult Tata into the big leagues ot global auto manufacturing: Thecompany is said to be weighing a bid for Jaguar Cars and Land Rover, which Ford Motor Co. (F)wants to el How to cite The-Last-Rajah-Ratan-Tata, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Strategic Information System and Process Management. Answer: Introduction: In the early 2000s, most of the small businesses were using paper-based accounting systems. However, the invention of accounting software has made easier for the organization to execute business process management in an effectual manner (Chua, Cheong and Gould 2012). In Australia, there are different types of accounting software including MYOB, Quickbooks online, Xero or Reckon. The initiation of the GST has experienced that many organizations switch to the accounting software. Due to the increasing business transactions, most of the organizations have been utilizing the cloud accounting software. Although the previous accounting systems have facilitated the business process, the organizations need to utilize the new generation software for enhancing the business opportunities in an effectual manner (Pan and Perera 2012). By involving the accounting software into business, the organizations can link their bank accounts. On the other hand, such accounting packages can easily prepare B usiness activity statement (BAS) (Lignier and Evans 2012). Hence, these accounting software have been facilitating the organizations in upholding the business process management. In this particular report, the development of the accounting software like MYOB has been discussed in an efficient manner. Evidence of research: In recent years, most of the organizations have been focusing on utilizing the enhanced accounting packages for improving the execution of the business. Most of the organizations consider different factors for selecting the accounting software for the business. The management needs to identify whether the packages can calculate all payroll requirements including PAYE, annual leave, long service leave, etc. there are several software options for the organizations such as MYOB, Reckon, Sage, Nominal, Cashflow Manager etc. (van Dijk et al. 2014). there are several pieces of evidence where organizations have gained their business opportunities by including the accounting software. It connects with a wide range of solutions and applications tailored to the industry or the business needs. For example, MYOB accounting software has provided the better solutions to execute the taxation (Seethamraju 2012). On the other hand, it facilitates in boosting up the profitability of the business. More over, the management can take better decisions with the real time of the finances by utilizing the MYOB online accounting software. On the other hand, the Reckon accounting software has several facilities that facilitates in enhancing the business opportunities in an effectual manner. The particular software facilitates in executing the bank transaction, preparing an invoice, inventory tracking, fixed assets and depreciation, create and tracking the budget (Ismail and King 2014). On the contrary, most of the organizations avoid this particular software due to its limited bank transaction system. The organization has stated that they have been trying to add extra specifications into the software for enhancing their sales activities. On the other hand, Xero-Premium 10 has been increasingly popular due to its easy accessibilities. Moreover, it has unlimited bank transaction facilities. QB online plus is also accounting software widely used in Australia. It has also included different f eatures related to accounting. With the involvement of the particular software, the organization can track the job appropriately (Usmanij, Khosla and Chu 2013). Moreover, it would facilitate in enhancing the inventory tracking in an effectual manner. Development of discussion: In Australia, the small industry has been experiencing enormous growth due to the accounting packages including Reckon, Xero, QuickBooks, MyOB etc. in the previous decade, most of the small organizations have utilized the paper-based accounting systems (Sam et al. 2012). Most of the financial analysts have discussed the fact that business process execution needs adequate attention to the different financial details. In the modern era of business, technological advancement has facilitates the organization in obtaining success. With the involvement of the accounting software, most of the Australian organizations have obtained several advantages including Data accuracy, time, inventory and reports (Bryce, Ali and Mather 2015). On the other hand, the accounting software can facilitate the business in daily basis also such as preparing invoice of customers. However, the popularity of the accounting software has been increased due to decreased pricing of the products. Moreover, these days, the utilization of the accounting packages have increasingly popular, as it facilitates the management to execute the business process management in an effectual manner. For preparing invoices, the usage of the accounting software has become popular (Yigitbasioglu 2015). In some of the specific businesses including construction, back office, consulting practice, the usage of the accounting software has increased for the betterment of the business execution. The usage of the accounting packages facilitates in speed, minimizing errors, reporting and organizing report. Nowadays, the usage of the computerized accounting software has become very popular in the small and medium enterprises in Australia. MYOB is one of the popular software used for accounting practice in small and medium businesses. The accounting program includes several functions such as dealing with payment, invoicing, paying wages and preparing regular accounting reports (Chua, Cheong and Gould 2012). These accounting reports include trading and loss accounts and balance sheets. Hence, it can be assessed that a typical computerized accounting package would offer a number of different facilities including sales, invoice, providing payments to the suppliers, auto updating the stock records etc. a reliable accounting software is essential for any business (Pan and Perera 2012). Most of the Australian organizations have been obtained several benefits including simplifying data entry, speeding up the entire process, automating reports analysis, reducing errors, and supporting other func tions. On the contrary, some of the small business enterprises have highlighted the fact that they are unable to obtain equal benefits of the accounting packages, as they cannot afford the package cost due to increased price rate of the product (Lignier and Evans 2012). Moreover, the organization face challenges at the initial stages in executing the process. On the other hand, the organizations need to purchase the yearly maintenance and support for the packages. For some of the unusual business process, the accounting software may not be able to provide fruitful outcome to the organization, as the software is designed based on the similar business components (van Dijk et al. 2014). SAP is one of the popular software in Australia, which delivers adequate flexibility in the business process execution. On the other hand, it provides the customized solutions in the business that facilitates in enhancing the business opportunities in an effectual manner. Most of the small and medium enterprises employ the SAP ERP for the reduction of sales order processing costs (Seethamraju 2012). However, it increases the cash flow process in the business. With the involvement of the SAP software, the management can reduce the time for calculating selling price. Although SAP is very complex accounting package, different user transaction can be executed through the implementation of the system in the process (Ismail and King 2014). However, the particular software allows the management to reduce the communication time, as the information can be accumulated at any point of time. In the growing industry, the utilization of SAP has been facilitating the Australian organizations to exe cute the business process management in an effective manner. In Australia, there is a wide range of SAP training available for the students. SAP training is required for the payroll managers, human resource experts, financial managers and customer service teams in the organization (Usmanij, Khosla and Chu 2013). Consequently, in the Australian competitive market, the SAP training actually facilitates the people to enhance their workability skill in an effective manner. The software has been developing its features for providing enhanced services facilities to the business. On the other hand, the small and medium enterprises in Australia have started employing MYOB accounting packages due to its enhanced features (Sam et al. 2012). Business analysts have agreed with the fact that the MYOB online accounting packages made it easier for the tax calculation. With the involvement of the particular accounting application, the management of the organization can boost up the profitability of the business. In a recent business report, top five accounting software has been published such as Intuit QuickBooks, MYOB, Reckon, Saasu and Xero. Intuit QuickBooks software has been highly ranked in Australia (Bryce, Ali and Mather 2015). Most of the small business owners prefer this particular software, as the cost of the product is quite low and it got several features. With the involvement of the particular software, the organization can easily track the business income and expenses along with the profits calculation (Yigitbasioglu 2015). Hence, it can be assessed that the development of the accounting software has facilitated the small and medium enterprises in Australia to enhance the profitability of the business in an effective manner. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the enhancement of the technological advancement has facilitated in enhancing the industrial growth in Australia. During the past few decades, most of the Australian organizations had been facing challenges in executing the financial work in an effective manner. After the invention of different accounting packages, the organizations have improved their individual performance in the competitive market. With the involvement of such enhanced accounting packages, most of the Australian organizations have experienced better profitability in the business. In this particular assignment, the description of the top rated accounting packages widely used in Australia has provided. In the modern age of the business, the accounting packages including Reckon, MYOB, SAP, XERO, Intuit QuickBooks, etc. have facilitated in enhancing the business profitability in an effective manner. The evidence of the research has been given the particular assignment. On the other hand, the d iscussion consists of impacts of the accounting software on the Australian business environment. References Chua, Y.L., Cheong, C.S. and Gould, G., 2012. The impact of mandatory IFRS adoption on accounting quality: Evidence from Australia.Journal of International Accounting Research,11(1), pp.119-146. van Dijk, A., Mount, R., Gibbons, P., Vardon, M. and Canadell, P., 2014. Environmental reporting and accounting in Australia: progress, prospects and research priorities.Science of the Total Environment,473, pp.338-349. Seethamraju, R., 2012. Business process management: a missing link in business education.Business Process Management Journal,18(3), pp.532-547. Ismail, N.A. and King, M., 2014. Factors influencing the alignment of accounting information systems in small and medium sized Malaysian manufacturing firms.Journal of Information Systems and Small Business,1(1-2), pp.1-20. Usmanij, P.A., Khosla, R. and Chu, M.T., 2013. Successful product or successful system? User satisfaction measurement of ERP software.Journal of intelligent manufacturing,24(6), pp.1131-1144. Sam, M., Fazli, M., Hoshino, Y. and Tahir, M.N.H., 2012. The adoption of computerized accounting system in small medium enterprises in Melaka, Malaysia.International Journal of Business and Management,7(18). Bryce, M., Ali, M.J. and Mather, P.R., 2015. Accounting quality in the pre-/post-IFRS adoption periods and the impact on audit committee effectivenessEvidence from Australia.Pacific-Basin Finance Journal,35, pp.163-181. Yigitbasioglu, O.M., 2015. External auditors' perceptions of cloud computing adoption in Australia.International Journal of Accounting Information Systems,18, pp.46-62. Pan, P. and Perera, H., 2012, June. Market relevance of university accounting programs: Evidence from Australia. InAccounting Forum(Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 91-108). Elsevier. Lignier, P. and Evans, C., 2012, August. The rise and rise of tax compliance costs for the small business sector in Australia. InAustralian Tax Forum(Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 615-672).